## Topic outline

• ### Time in Minutes and Seconds

• Time in Minutes

We all have seen three hands on the face of clock. The hour hand tells time in hours, minute hand tells the time in minutes and second hand tells time in seconds.

There are 12 major divisions marked on the clock. Each big division marked on the clock has five small divisions and each small division stands for 1 minute.

When the minute hand moves from 1 big division to the next big division, 5 minutes have passed.

There are 12 major divisions and each division stand for 5 minutes, so we can say 1 hour = 12 x 5 = 60 minutes.

Reading time in hours and minutes Here, hour hand is at 10.

Minute hand is at 2 which show (2 x 5 = 10 minutes).

So, time is 10 hours 10 minutes.

Note: Left-half of the face of the clock shows number of minutes to the next hour and right half of the clock shows number of minutes past the hour.

Illustration 1: Here, hour hand is between 2 and 3.

Minute hand is at 10 which show (10 x 5 = 50 minutes).

So, time is 2 hours 50 minutes.

Or

10 minutes to 3

Illustration 2: Here, hour hand is between 6 and 7.

Minute hand is at 1 which shows (1 x 5 = 5 minutes).

So, time is 6 hours 5 minutes.

Or

5 minutes past 6

Time in Seconds

In few watches, we have seen the third hand which is called the second hand. It is thinnest hand but moves faster than other two hands. It moves 60 very small divisions in 1 minute.

1 minute = 60 seconds

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