festival is a special occasion of feasting or celebration. We celebrate many
festivals in our country. Some of these festivals have religious associations, some
are associated with the harvesting of the crop and some festivals are
celebrated throughout the country. All festivals are associated with
celebration and provide entertainment. These celebrations offered a sense of
belonging for religious, social, or geographical groups.
National Festivals– These festivals are
celebrated by the whole country. Our National festivals are: Independence Day,
Republic Day, Gandhi Jayanti.
got independence from the British Empire on 15 August 1947. On 15 August 1947,
Jawaharlal Nehru, who had become the first Prime Minister of India, raised the
Indian national flag above the Lahore Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. On every
Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India raises the flag and gives speech.
On this day the great sacrifice of great Indian leaders who dedicated their
lives for the country's freedom in the past, is respectfully remembered.
Day is celebrated on the 26th of January. It is an occasion that whole India
celebrates. It was on 26th January, 1950 that our country became Democratic
Republic. 26th January 1950 was the day when the Constitution of India came
into force. The Constitution was drafted by Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar as the
chairman of the Drafting Committee.
Republic Day Parade is held at Rajpath. Representatives of the Indian
Army, Navy and Air Force and traditional dance troupes take part in the
parades. Jhaanki from all states are displayed. The President of India takes
the salute. Soldiers are honored bravery award for their selfless sacrifice and
bravery. Children are also awarded for their courageousness.
October is celebrated to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mohandas
Karamchand Gandhi, the "Father of the Nation". He was the well-known
leader of Indian independence movement. He dedicated his life to the ideals of
Truth, Nonviolence and Love. He worked hard throughout his life to put an end
to hatred and to spread love. On this day prayers are held especially at Raj
Ghat, Gandhi's memorial in New Delhi where he was cremated. Prayer meetings and
ceremonies are held all over the country.
Religious and Social Festivals –In
India different religions are followed and is reflected in festivals also. We
also celebrate some festivals that have social significance. Some of the
festivals are discussed below.
the festival of lights is celebrated twenty days after Dussehra. It falls in
the month of October or November. It is believed that, Lord Rama return back to
Ayodhya after 14 year of exile. On this festival people decorate their house by
lighting small clay lamps and candles. These lights represent the victory of
good over evil and brightness over darkness. People dress up in new clothes and
worship Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity. People exchange gifts
and sweets between family members and close friends.
is also known as Dussehra. It celebrates Rama's victory over the demon king
Ravana and marks the triumph of good over evil. In the northern parts of India
this festival last for 10 days. Ramlila is performed for 9 days and on tenth
day, huge effigies of Ravana, his giant brother Kumbhkarna and son Meghnath are
burnt in vast open grounds in the evening.
Chaturthi is celebrated to honors the birth of Lord Ganesha. People install
beautifully crafted statute of Ganesha in their home and in huge pandal. People
worship Ganesha idol for 9 days and on last day idols are immersed in river or
is a spring festival also known as the festival of colours. Holi comes in
February end or early March. It
celebrates the victory of good over evil. Holi celebrations start with bonfire
on the night before Holi where people gather, sing and dance with joy. The next
morning people play with colours by throwing and applying colours on each other
and have parties and dance under water sprinklers. Women prepare loads of
gujiya, mathri and papri for the family and also for the relatives.
Raksha Bandhan, sisters tie a rakhi on her brother's wrist. This silken thread
symbolizes the sister's love and prayers for her brother's well-being, good
health, prosperity and happiness. In return, the brother pledges to protect and
take care of his sister under all circumstances.
popularly known as Eid-ul-Fitr mark the end of Ramzan. It is festival of
breaking the fast. The practice of fasting is also known as 'roza' that starts
from dawn till dusk. On this day people wear new clothes and go to Mosque.
People offer prayer in large group in Mosque. People exchange gifts and wish
each other ‘Id Mubarak’ as a mark of unity and brotherhood. On this festival
people prepare delicious meethi seviyan.
Id ul Zuha
is also known as Bakra-Id or Bakrid . On this day Muslim sacrifice a goat to
honor the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim. People offer prayers in the mosques and
distribute the sacrificial meat after the Id prayers .People greet each other
“Eid Mubarak” and visit the houses of relatives and friends.
is celebrated to honor the birth of Jesus. It falls on the 25th December every
year. It is most important festival of Christians. People illuminate their
houses and attend special services in the churches. On this day Christmas tree
is decorated with artificial stars, lights, toys etc. People wear new clothes,
eat festive meal and exchange gifts. Children believe that Santa Claus brings
gift for them on the night before Christmas. Person dressed as Santa distribute
gift and sweets among children.
is one of the most significant harvest festivals of Kerala. Onam marks the
homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali. People decorate the ground in front
of their houses with flowers arranged in beautiful patterns to welcome the
King. One of the main attractions of Onam is boat races and beautifully
is celebrated in the month of January every year. The festival is celebrated
for four days. Pongal is a harvest festival for giving thanks to nature. People
worship Sun God by offering prayers. People wear new clothes and women decorate
houses with kolam. Sweetened dish of rice boiled with lentils is consumed on
is a popular harvest festival of Punjab. Bonefire is an important feature of
Lohri. People throw puffed rice, popcorn and other munchies into the fire and
distribute Prasad comprises til, gajak, jaggery, peanuts, and popcorn.
Sankranti is a harvest festival celebrated in almost all parts of India. This
day is also believed to mark the arrival of spring season.
is also known as Guru Nanak Jayanti. On this day Sikh wear new clothes and go
to Gurudwrara. Processions are taken out and free langars are arranged all over
Jayanti is also known as Buddha Purnima. Buddha Purnima is celebrated on the
birthday of Gautam Buddha. Lord Buddha is the founder of Buddhism.
celebrates the birth of Lord Mahavir.
day is also known as "Bal Diwas".It is celebrated on 14th
November every year. Children's day is celebrated on Pandit Nehru's birthday.
He was the first Prime Minister of free India. He loved children very much and
children also loved him and respected him and called him “Chaha Nehru”.
day is celebrated on 5th September. 5th September is the birthday of
a great teacher Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan. He was the first vice President