see different kinds of plants around us. Each plant differs from other plant in
size, shape, color, smell, place of growth etc. Plants grow on land as well as
in water. They grow in cold places and hot places too.
can be classified into these following categories: -
are big, tall and strong plants. They have a thick, brown and woody stem called
trunk. They have many branches that bear leaves, flowers and fruits. Their
roots are thick and strong roots. Trees usually live for many years. Examples:-Neem,
Pine, Mango, Peepal, Banyan, Coconut etc.
are small to medium-sized woody plants and may grow up to height of five to six
metres. They are smaller than Trees. They are highly branched from the base of
the stem. They have many thin, brown and woody stems. They are also called
bushes .Shrubs usually live for a few years. Examples: - Rose, Hibiscus,
Jasmine, Tulsi, Cotton etc.
are very small and weak plants. They have thin, green and soft stems. They usually
live for three to four months. It can be used as medicines or to add flavor to
food. They are mostly known for their smell, which is pleasant and amazing. Banana
plant is the world's largest herb. Examples: - Mint, Coriander, Spinach,
are plants with weak stems. They cannot stand straight and need support to
grow. They must climb on other plants, sticks or walls to grow. Example:-Pea,
Grapevine, Money Plant, Bean etc.
are weak plants that mostly grow along the ground. They have weak stems and
thin branches. They usually bear big fruits. Example: - Pumpkin, Gourd, Watermelon,
Water Plant or Aquatic plant
Water plants are also called Aquatic
Plants. Water plants grow in water. Water plants are found along edges, on the
surface, or at the bottom of shallow lakes and ponds. Some of the water plant
has floating leaves like Lotus and some are completely submerged under water
like Hydrilla. Examples: - Water lily, Water-chestnut, Lotus, Duckweed, Water
Wild plants grow naturally. They are not intentionally
planted by human. They can be found anywhere .They do not need human care. Wild
plants can be flowers, grasses, shrubs and trees. Example: - Banyan
Tree, Grass, Periwinkle Plant etc.
Weeds are the plants that grow in place
where it is not needed. They are considered unwanted plants. They can grow
anywhere and can be easily seen in pots, garden, lawns and farms. They grow
very vast and compete for water, light, nutrients and space with main plant. Example:
- Dandelion, Poison Ivy, Milk Thistle etc.
is a type of plant which is used to cover the ground, in a lawn. Grass can grow
very tall and can reach height up to 100 metres .Bamboo is the tallest grass. Grasses
usually have long, narrow leaves and grow along the ground.
Uses of Plants
get food from different part of plants.
Stem – Potato, Sugarcane
Roots- Radish, Onion
Fruits- Apple, Mango
of few plants are used to prepare perfumes. Example: - Rose, Jasmine etc.
help to keep air clean and fresh.
plants are used for medicinal purpose. Example: - Tulsi leaves are used for
cough and Cold, Turmeric are considered anti-inflammatory, Aloe Vera are good
for skin, Amla are good for stomach.
is used to make paper, furniture, houses etc.
such as cotton are used to make clothes, jute are used to make mats and bags,
coconut fibre are used to make rope.
Care of Plants
need water to grow. So water the plant regularly otherwise it will die.
should be placed in such a way that it receives enough sunlight.
leaves should be cleaned regularly so that plant breathes easily.