Environment-Settlement, Transport and Communication
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
and electric engines have largely replaced the steam engines.
Settlements can be permanent or temporary.
Thick mud walled houses with thatched roofs
are very common in areas of hot climate.
is the means by which people and goods move.
The plains have a dense network of
The plains have a dense network of roads. True
Bus does not pollute the environment. False
Early human beings depended entirely on
nature for food, clothing and shelter. True
Andes Mountains is in North America. False
The satellites have made communication even
Q3. Which Asian country has the largest railway network?
Q4. Which type of road is constructed under the ground?
Q5. Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?
Q6. What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?
Settlements are places where people build their homes.
Q7. What do you understand by communication?
is the process of conveying messages to others.
Q8. Why air travel is so expensive?
Air travel is so expensive due to high cost of fuels.
Q9. What is site?
The place where a building or a settlement develops is called its site.
Q10. Which cities are linked by the Golden Quadrilateral?
The Golden Quadrilateral connects Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
Q11. What do people practice in temporary settlements?
They practice hunting, gathering, shifting cultivation and transhumance.
Q12. What are the materials used in building houses in rural
Local materials like stones, mud, clay, straw etc. are used to construct
Q13. Name some animals used for carrying goods in India.
Animals used for carrying goods in India are donkeys, mules, bullocks and
Q14. Why did the early settlements grow near river valley?
settlements grew near the river valleys as water was available and land was
Q15. What are called temporary settlements?
Settlements which are
occupied for a short time are called temporary settlements.
Q16. What are the four means of transport?
four major means of transport are roadways, railways, waterways and airways.
Q17. What is compact settlement?
compact settlement is a closely built area of dwellings, wherever flat land is
Q18. Which is the highest roadway in the world?
highway in the Himalayan Mountains is one of the highest roadways in the world.
Q19. Which are the activities practiced by the rural people?
Activities practiced by the rural people agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts
work and trading etc.
Q20. How human settlements became larger?
With the development of trade, commerce and manufacturing, human settlements