Vegetation and Wild Life
Q21. Why are the equatorial forest considered as the lungs of
tropical evergreen forest in Brazil is so enormous that it is like the lungs of
Q22. Name some citrus fruits that are cultivated in Mediterranean
fruits such as oranges, figs, olives and grapes are commonly cultivated in
Q23. What are the animals found in the tropical deciduous forest?
Tigers, lions, elephants, langoors and monkeys are the common animals of these regions.
Q24. Which are the three broad categories of natural vegetation?
Natural vegetation is generally classified in to three broad categories as
follows: Forests, Grasslands and Shrubs.
Q25. In which part of the world are tropical deciduous forest
deciduous forests are found in the large part of India, northern Australia and
in Central America.
Q26. What animals live in the polar region?
walruses, musk-oxen, arctic owl, polar bear and snow foxes are some of the
animals found in the polar region.
Q27. What are the two types of grasslands?
There are two main divisions of grasslands: (1) tropical grasslands, and (2)
Q28. What do you know about anaconda?
Anaconda, one of the world’s largest snakes is found in the tropical rainforest.
It can kill and eat a large animal such as a crocodile.
Q29. Name some hardwood trees that are commonly found in tropical
Hardwood trees that are commonly found in tropical deciduous forest are
rosewood, ebony and mahogany.
Q30. What is special about Mediterranean trees?
Mediterranean trees adapt themselves to dry summers with the help of their
thick barks and wax coated leaves which help them reduce transpiration.
Q31. Why the type and thickness of vegetation changes from place
The type and thickness of natural vegetation varies from place to place because
of the variation in factors such as temperature, moisture, slope and thickness
Q32. Why is Mediterranean climate suitable for growing a number
of fruits especially citrus?
Mediterranean climate is suitable
for growing a number of fruits especially citrus because these
regions are marked for hot dry summers and mild rainy winters.
Q33. How does altitude affect vegetation?
There is a close relationship between height of land and the character of
vegetation. With the change in height, the climate changes and that changes
Q34. What are the different names of grasslands?
are called by different names in different parts of the world: - Savanna in East
Africa, Campos in Brazil, Llanos in Venezuela, Pampas in Argentina, Prairie in N.
America, Veld in S. Africa, Steppe in C. Asia and Down in Australia.
Q35. Mention the uses of coniferous forest.
Chir, pine, cedar are the important variety of trees in these forests. They
are tall, softwood evergreen trees. The woods of these trees are very useful
for making pulp, which is used for manufacturing paper and newsprint. Match
boxes and packing boxes are also made from softwood.