Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife
Q40. What do you mean by season of the retreating monsoons?
move back from the mainland to the Bay of Bengal. This is the season of the
retreating monsoons. The southern parts of India, particularly Tamil Nadu and
Andhra Pradesh receive rainfall in this season.
Q41. Write a note on thorny bushes.
type of vegetation is found in dry areas of the country. The leaves are in the
form of spines to reduce the loss of water. Cactus, khair, babool, keekar are important
and are found in the states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Eastern slopes of
Western Ghats and Gujarat.
Q42. Name the different seasons in India.
The major seasons in India are:
Cold Weather Season (Winter) December to
Hot Weather Season (Summer) March to May
Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to
Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn)
October and November
Q43. Why are forests necessary?
are necessary due to the following reasons.
Plants release oxygen that we breathe and
absorb carbon dioxide.
The roots of the plants bind the soil;
thus, they control soil erosion.
Forests provide us with timber for
furniture, fuel wood, fodder, medicinal plants and herbs, lac, honey, gum, etc.
Forests are the natural habitat of wild
Q44. Write a short note on cold weather season and hot weather
Cold Weather Season (Winter)
the winter season, the sun rays do not fall directly in the region. As a result
the temperatures are quite low in northern India.
Weather Season (Summer)
the hot weather season sun rays more or less directly fall in this region.
Temperature becomes very high. Hot and dry winds called loo, blow during the
Q45. Why do we experience regional differences in the climate of
The climate of a place is affected by its location, altitude, distance from the
sea, and relief. Therefore, we experience regional differences in the climate
of India. Jaisalmer and Bikaner in the desert of Rajasthan are very hot, while
Drass and Kargil in Jammu and Kashmir are freezing cold. Coastal places like
Mumbai and Kolkata experience moderate climate. Mawsynram in
Meghalaya receives the world’s highest rainfall, while in a particular year it
might not rain at all in Jaisalmer in Rajasthan.
Q46. Write about wildlife of India.
Forests are home to a variety of wild life. There are thousands of species of
animals and a large variety of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects
and worms which dwell in the forest. Gir forest in Gujarat is the
home of Asiatic lions. Elephants and one-horned rhinoceroses roam in the
forests of Assam. Elephants are also found in Kerala and Karnataka. Camels and wild
asses are found in the Great Indian desert and the Rann of Kuchchh
respectively. Wild goats, snow leopards, bears, etc. are found in the Himalayan
region. Besides these, many other animals are found in our country such as
monkey, wolf, jackal, nilgai, cheetal, etc. India is equally rich in
bird life. This includes birds are parrots, pigeons, mynah, geese,
bulbul and ducks.
Q47. What is the difference between evergreen forest and
Difference between evergreen forest and deciduous forest
Rain Forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall.
a large part of our country we have this type of forest.
They always appear green and are
forests are also called monsoon forests.
They are so dense that sunlight doesn’t reach the ground.
are less dense.
They shed their leaves at different times of the year.
They shed their leaves at a particular time of the year.
Important trees found in these forests are mahogany, ebony and rosewood.
trees found in these forests are sal, teak, peepal, neem and shisham.
are found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of North-Eastern states and a
narrow strip of the Western slope of the Western Ghats
are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar,
Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and in parts of Maharashtra.