The Emperor Who Gave Up War
Q32. What were the problems that
Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma?
were many problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma.
People in the empire followed different
religions, and this sometimes led to conflict.
Animals were sacrificed.
Slaves and servants were ill-treated.
Besides, there were quarrels in families
and amongst neighbours.
Q33. Describe the Mauryan people?
officials and crafts persons probably lived in these cities.
other areas there were villages of farmers and herders. In some areas such as
central India, there were forests where people gathered forest produce and hunted
animals for food. People in different parts of the empire spoke different
They probably ate different kinds of food, and wore different kinds of clothes
Q34. What were the effects of Kalinga war on Ashoka?
Effects of Kalinga war on Ashoka
Ashoka fought a war to conquer Kalinga.
However, he was so horrified when he saw
the violence and bloodshed that he decided not to fight any more wars.
He is the only king in the history of the
world who gave up conquest after winning a war.
He decided to observe dhamma and to teach
others about it as well.
Q35. What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message
adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma were:
He appointed officials, known as the dhamma
mahamatta who went from place to place teaching people about dhamma.
Besides, Ashoka got his messages inscribed
on rocks and pillars, instructing his officials to read his message to those
who could not read it themselves.
Ashoka also sent messengers to spread ideas
about dhamma to other lands, such as Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.
Q36. What Megasthenes wrote about Mauryan Emperor?
wrote an account about what he saw.
Mauryan Empire according to him was as follows:
Emperor is carried in a golden palanquin.
His guards ride elephants decorated with
gold and silver.
Some of the guards carry trees on which
live birds, including a flock of trained parrots, circle about the head of the
The king is normally surrounded by armed
He has special servants to taste the food
before he eats.
He never sleeps in the same bedroom for two
Q37. Describe the governance in Mauryan Empire?
in Mauryan Empire
The area around Pataliputra was under the
direct control of the emperor.
This meant that officials were appointed to
collect taxes from farmers, herders, crafts persons and traders, who lived in
villages and towns in the area.
There were other areas or provinces. Each
of these was ruled from a provincial capital such as Taxila or Ujjain.
Mauryas tried to control roads and rivers,
which were important for transport, and to collect whatever resources were
available as tax and tribute.
Q38. What Megasthenes wrote about
Pataliputra (modern Patna)?
wrote about Pataliputra (modern Patna)
It is a large and beautiful city.
It is surrounded by a massive wall.
It has 570 towers and 64 gates.
The houses, of two and three storeys, are
built of wood and mud brick.
The king’s palace is also of wood, and
decorated with stone carvings.
It is surrounded with gardens and
enclosures for keeping birds.