Types of Houses
People live in different kind of houses. Many people
keep on moving from one place to another. Some people live in temporary house or
some in permanent house; some people live in pucca house or some in kutcha
house. The houses we live in protect us from heat, rain, wind, dust and
animals. We built different kind of houses in different region depending on the
climate of that region.
in Different Regions
in cold regions
Some region such as Arctic region and Polar Region are
completely covered with snow and are extremely cold. People in that region
built house by using block of snow generally in the form dome shape. Dome shape
helps to keep the place warm from inside. Igloo is also referred as snow
People living in the Arctic regions of Greenland,
Canada, and Alaska are known as Inuit. Inuit is a plural noun and Inuk is the
In cold and forested region of America, people build
wooden houses or log cabins. Wood is used as they are available in plenty and
acts as wonderful interior humidity and temperature regulator. Wood is a good
insulator and helps to keep the house cool in the summer and warm in the
and Dry Regions
Mud are used with material such as straw, sticks etc.
to construct the house. People living in hot and dry climates built mud houses.
This type of house is found in Mexico.
The Egyptians, living in the hot and dry regions of
Egypt, baked mud bricks. These baked bricks were stronger. The houses of Egypt
were probably the first houses to be built of bricks. Brick replaces the mud
and straw and are made of clay and molded, dried or fired. Now-a-days most of
the houses in cities are made of bricks.
in the hot and wet regions
People living in hot and wet climate of Africa used to
build huts. They use grass, leaves and vines which are found in plenty in that
types of houses are built in villages. Mud wall and straw roof keeps house cool
Types of House
This type of houses is mostly found in region with
heavy rain and frequent flood. These houses are raised on stilts (legs) over
the surface of the soil, so that house remains protected from the flood water. This
type of house is common in some part of South East Asia and West Africa.
These can be built for vacations and camping. These types
of houses are often built by fisherman along the coastal areas using wood or
coconut leaves. People now a days use better material to build modern temporary
Tents – Tents are used
for holiday camping. Modern day tents are made of water proof materials, like
canvas cloth or nylon.
Tipi or Tepee or Teepee –
It is conical tent made of animal skin or birch bark and was popular among the
Red Indians in America.
House on wheels is called Caravans. Caravan may be
pulled by an animal or by car or truck. People move from one place to another and
live in caravans.
House boats are floating house on water bodies like
lake. They vary in size, some are small and some are big (two storey). Some
people use it for vacation purpose and some live permanently in the boat. These
are found in places such as Hong Kong, Holland etc.