Kings and Kingdoms
Q22. How long did tang dynasty last?
dynasty remained in power for about 300 years (from the seventh to the tenth
Q23. What do you know about periyapuranam?
is a twelfth century Tamil work, which informs us about the lives of ordinary
men and women.
Q24. What role did Samantas play in politics?
They were expected to bring gifts for their kings or overlords, be present at
their courts and provide them with military support.
Q25. How were brahmanas rewarded by kings?
Kings often rewarded Brahmanas by grants of land. These
were recorded on copper plates, which were given to those who received the
Q26. Who were the parties involved in the tripartite struggle?
Rulers belonging to the Gurjara-Pratihara, Rashtrakuta and Pala dynasties were
the parties involved in the tripartite struggle.
Q27. What are prashastis?
Prashatis were inscriptions that were written in praise of someone or
something. Usually, they were composed in praise of the rulers.
Q28. Who was Dantidurga?
was a Rashtrakuta chief who overthrew his Chalukya overlord and performed a
ritual called hiranya-garbha.
Q29. What kind of irrigation works were developed in the Tamil
variety of methods were used for irrigation. In some areas wells were dug. In
other places huge tanks were constructed to collect rainwater.
Q30. Who were known as Samantas?
By the seventh century there were big landlords or warrior chiefs in different
regions of the subcontinent. Existing kings often acknowledged them as their subordinates
Q31. Why are temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikondacholapuram
big temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikondacholapuram, built by Rajaraja and
Rajendra, are famous for its architectural and sculptural marvels.
Q31. Who was Prithviraja III?
best-known Chahamana ruler was Prithviraja III (1168-1192), who defeated an
Afghan ruler named Sultan Muhammad Ghori in 1191, but lost to him the very next
year, in 1192.
Q32. What do you know about “tripartite struggle”?
belonging to the Gurjara-Pratihara, Rashtrakuta and Pala dynasties fought for
control over Kanauj. Because there were three “parties” in this longdrawn conflict,
historians often describe it as the “tripartite struggle”.
Q33. Who was Vijayalaya?
belonged to the ancient chiefly family of the Cholas from Uraiyur. He captured
the delta from the Muttaraiyar in the middle of the ninth century. He built the
town of Thanjavur and a temple for goddess Nishumbhasudini there.
Q34. Why did chola kings give some rich landowners titles like
muvendavelan, araiyar, etc.?
Chola kings gave some rich landowners titles like muvendavelan (a velan or
peasant serving three kings), araiyar (chief), etc. as markers of respect, and
entrusted them with important offices of the state at the centre.
Q35. What were claimed as “rent”?
each of states, resources were obtained from the producers, that is, peasants,
cattle-keepers, artisans, who were often persuaded or compelled to surrender
part of what they produced. Sometimes these were claimed as “rent” due to a
lord who asserted that he owned the land.