Changes through A thousand Years
We do not find inscriptions for the period
after 700. False
The Marathas asserted their political
importance during this period. False
Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out
of their lands with the spread of agricultural settlements. True
Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam,
Manipur and Kashmir. False
Q2. Fill in the blanks.
Archives are places where manuscripts
was a fourteenth-century chronicler.
chillies, tea and coffee were some of the new crops
introduced into the subcontinent during this period.
Several villages were governed by a chieftain.
Q3. What does a Cartographer do?
A Cartographer makes maps.
Q4. What are the two main sects of Islam?
The two main sects of Islam are Shia and Sunni.
Q5. Who was Al-Idrisi?
was the Arab geographer who made map in 1154 CE.
Q6. What do you mean by archive?
Archive is a place where documents and manuscripts are stored.
Q7. Who was called the patron?
A patron is an influential, wealthy individual who supports another person – an
artiste, a craftsperson, a learned man, or a noble.
Q8. Who used the term ‘Hindustan’ for the first time and when?
a chronicler used the term ‘Hindustan’ for the first time in the
Q9. Who were scribes?
Scribes were the people who copied manuscripts by hand before the invention of
Q10. How did scribes copy down the manuscripts? What was its
There was no printing press in those days so scribes copied manuscripts by
scribes copied manuscripts, they also introduced small changes – a word here, a
Q11. List some of the technological changes associated with this
Some of the technological changes associated with this period were the Persian
in irrigation, the spinning wheel in weaving, and firearms in combat.
Q12. What does the term pan-regional empire mean?
Pan regional empire means empire spanning diverse regions. Dynasties
like the Cholas, Khaljis, Tughluqs and Mughals were able to build an empire
that was pan-regional.
Q13. Which century marked the beginning of the medieval period?
eighth century is taken as the beginning of the medieval period because
society, economy, politics, religion and culture underwent many changes during
Q14. What do you know about jati panchayat?
framed their own rules and regulations to manage the conduct of their members.
These regulations were enforced by an assembly of elders, described in some
areas as the jati panchayat.
Q15. What was the extent of Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban's
Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban's empire stretched from Bengal (Gauda) in the
east to Ghazni (Gajjana) in Afghanistan in the west and included all of south
Q16. How Brahmanas earned lot of respect in the society?
knowledge of Sanskrit texts earned the Brahmanas a lot of respect in society.
Their dominant position was consolidated by the support of their patrons – new
rulers searching for prestige.
Q17. How do Sunni and Shia Muslims differ?
There were the Shia Muslims who believed that the Prophet Muhammad’s
son-in-law, Ali, was the legitimate leader of the Muslim community, and the Sunni
Muslims who accepted the authority of the early leaders (Khalifas) of the
community, and the succeeding Khalifas.