Our Country - India
Q37. Name the major physical divisions of India.
The major physical divisions of India are:
The Northern Indian plains
The Great Indian dessert
The Peninsular plateau
The Coastal plains
Two groups of islands –
The Andaman and the Nicobar Islands
Q38. Differentiate between Western Ghats
and Eastern Ghats.
Ans. Difference between Western Ghats and
The Western Ghats or Sahyadris border the plateau in the west.
Eastern Ghats provide the eastern boundary.
Western Ghats are almost continuous.
The Eastern Ghats are broken and uneven.
Q39. Differentiate between Lakshadweep
Island and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Ans. Difference between Lakshadweep Island and
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Islands are located in the Arabian Sea. These are coral islands located off the
coast of Kerala.
Andaman and the Nicobar Islands lie to the southeast of the Indian mainland
in the Bay of Bengal.
Q40. What is the implication of longitudinal extent of India?
Due to great longitudinal extent of about 29°, there could be a wide difference
in local time of places located at two extreme points of India. As such, the
difference between these two points would be of about two hours. The
local time changes by four minutes for every one degree of longitude. Therefore,
the sun rises about two hours earlier in the east (Arunachal Pradesh) than in
the west (Gujarat).
Q41. Write a note on political and administrative divisions of
is a vast country. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 28
and 7 Union Territories. Delhi is the national capital. The states have been
formed mainly on the basis of languages. Rajasthan is the largest state and Goa
is the smallest state in terms of area. The states are further divided into
Q42. Write about coastal plains of India.
the West of the Western Ghats and the East of Eastern Ghats lie the Coastal
plains. The western coastal plains are very narrow. The eastern
Coastal plains are much broader. There are a number of east flowing rivers. The
rivers Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri drain into the Bay of Bengal.
rivers have formed fertile deltas at their mouth.
Q43. Describe the major physical division of India.
major physical divisions of India are:
Mountains - The Himalayan Mountains are divided into three main
parallel ranges. The northernmost is the Great Himalaya or Himadri. The world’s
highest peaks are located in this range. Middle Himalaya or Himachal lies to
the south of Himadri. Many popular hill stations are situated here. The
Shiwalik is the southernmost range.
Indian plains - The Northern Indian plains lie to the
south of the Himalayas. They are generally level and flat. These
river plains provide fertile land for cultivation.
plateau - To the south of northern plains lies the Peninsular plateau.
It is triangular in shape. The relief is highly uneven. This is a region with
numerous hill ranges and valleys.
Plains - To the West of the Western Ghats and the East of Eastern
Ghats lie the Coastal plains. The western coastal plains are very narrow. The
eastern Coastal plains are much broader.
Lakshadweep Islands are located in the Arabian Sea. These are coral islands located
off the coast of Kerala. The Andaman and the Nicobar Islands lie to the southeast
of the Indian mainland in the Bay of Bengal.