Our Country - India
Q22. Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
The Ganga and the Brahmaputra form the world’s largest delta, the Sundarbans
Q23. What is delta?
delta is triangular in shape. It is an area of land formed at the mouth of the
Q24. What do you understand by peninsula?
peninsula is a piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
Q25. Which rivers drain into the Bay of Bengal?
rivers Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri drain into the Bay of Bengal.
Q26. Write a short note on the Great Indian Desert?
the western part of India lies the Great Indian Desert. It is a dry, hot and
sandy stretch of land. It has very little vegetation.
Q27. What is a Tributary?
river or stream which contributes its water to a main river by discharging it
into main river from either side.
Q28. Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?
Ans. Lakshadweep is known as a coral island because it
is formed from skeletons of tiny marine animals
Q29. India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name
India shares its land boundaries with seven countries i.e. Pakistan, Nepal,
China, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar.
Q30. Write one point of difference
between the western Coastal plains and the eastern Coastal plains.
Ans. The western coastal plains are very
narrow whereas the eastern Coastal plains are much broader.
Q31. What is the north-south and east-west
extent of India?
north-south extent from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is about 3,200 km. And the
east-west extent from Arunachal Pradesh to Kuchchh is about 2,900 km.
Q32. What is the latitudinal and
longitudinal extent of India?
south to north, main land of India extends between 8°4'N and 37°6' N latitudes.
From west to east, India extends between 68°7' E and 97°25' E longitudes.
Q33. How Coral islands are formed?
are skeletons of tiny marine animals called Polyps. When the living polyps die,
their skeletons are left. Other poplyps grow on top of the hard skeleton which
grows higher and higher, thus forming the coral islands.
Q34. Write about the geographical boundaries of India.
is a country of vast geographical expanse. In the north, it is bound by the
lofty Himalayas. The Arabian Sea in the west, the Bay of Bengal in the east and
the Indian Ocean in the south, wash the shores of the Indian peninsula.
Q35. How many States and Union Territories are there in India?
Which states have a common capital?
is a vast country. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 28 States
and 7 Union Territories. Delhi is the national capital. Punjab and Haryana have
a common capital i.e. Chandigarh.
Q36. Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains?
Northern plains are generally level and flat. These are formed by the alluvial
deposits laid down by the rivers– the Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and
their tributaries. These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation.
That is the reason for high concentration of population in these plains.