Major Landforms of the Earth
Q24. Name some natural calamities which
cause widespread destruction.
Natural calamities such as earthquakes, volcanic eruption, storms and floods
cause widespread destruction.
Q25. Which is the highest plateau in the world?
The Tibet plateau is the highest plateau in the world with a height of 4,000 to
6,000 metres above the mean sea level.
Q26. Name some sports that are popular in mountains.
Several sports like paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting and skiing are
popular in the mountains.
Q27. Less people live in the mountain areas. Give reason.
Due to harsh climate less people live in the mountain areas. Since the slopes
are steep, less land is available for farming.
Q28. Write about Mauna Kea (Hawaii) in the Pacific Ocean.
Mauna Kea (Hawaii) in the Pacific Ocean is an undersea mountain. It is higher
than Mount Everest being 10,205 metres high.
Q29. What are Volcanic Mountains? Give examples.
Volcanic Mountains are formed due to volcanic activity. Mt.Kilimanjaro in
Africa and Mt.Fujiyama in Japan are examples of such mountains.
Q30. What leads to upliftment and sinking of the earth’s surface
at several places?
movement within the earth leads to upliftment and sinking of the
earth’s surface at several places.
Q31. Write the names of old fold mountains that have rounded features
and low elevation.
The Appalachians in North America and the Ural mountains in Russia have rounded
features and low elevation. They are very old fold mountains.
Q32. Which two processes lead to the formation and development
Internal and external processes are the two processes that lead to the
formation and development of landforms.
Q33. Define internal process.
Internal process is type of a continuous movement taking place within the earth
that leads to the upliftment and sinking of the earth’s surface at several
Q34. Differentiate between erosion and deposition.
Difference between erosion and deposition
wearing away of the earth’s surface is called erosion.
surface is being lowered by the process of erosion and rebuilt by the process
Q35. How Block Mountains are formed?
Ans. Block Mountains are created when large areas are broken
and displaced vertically. The uplifted blocks are termed as horsts and the lowered
blocks are called graben.
Q36. “Quite often we use the land in a wasteful manner”. Explain
Quite often we use the land in a wasteful manner, for example constructing
houses on a fertile land. Similarly we throw garbage on land or in water making
them dirty. We should avoid using such important gifts of nature in a careless
manner. The available land is not only for our use. It is our duty to leave the
earth a better place for future generations as well.
Q37. Write some important features of mountains?
Features of mountains
Mountains are any natural elevation of the
The mountains may have a small summit and a
It is considerably higher than the
surrounding area. Some mountains are even higher than the clouds.
The slopes are steep; less land is
available for farming.
Climate of mountains is harsh.