Major Landforms of the Earth
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The Himalayas, the
Alps and the Andes are mountain ranges of Asia, Europe and South
The Jog falls in Karnataka.
The Deccan plateau in India is one
of the oldest plateaus.
As we go higher, the climate becomes colder.
The Appalachians in North America
have rounded features and low elevation.
Mauna Kea (Hawaii)
in the Pacific Ocean is an undersea mountain.
Mt.Kilimanjaro is in Africa. True
The Hundru Falls is in the Chhotanagpur
plateau on the river Subarnarekha. True
Many of the mining areas in the world are
located in the plains areas. False
Mountains vary in their heights and shape.
Volcanic mountains are formed due to erosion.
The river valleys and terraces are ideal
for cultivation of crops. True
Q3. Which is the oldest plateau in India?
Q4. What do you mean by horsts?
uplifted blocks are termed as horsts.
Q5. Define mountain range.
may be arranged in a line known as range.
Q6. What do you mean by graben?
lowered blocks are called graben.
Q7. Name the old fold mountain of Russia.
The Ural Mountain
Q8. Name the river on which Hundru falls is located.
Q9. Which is the highest peak in the world?
Everest is the highest peak in the world.
Q10. Where is Jog Falls located?
Q11. Name the place where Rope Bridge is situated.
Q12. Write one mountain range of Europe.
Q13. How are Volcanic Mountains formed?
Volcanic Mountains are formed due to volcanic activity.
Q14. Write one important feature of young fold mountains.
Ans. They have rugged relief and high conical peaks.
Q15. Where is Mauna Kea (Hawaii)?
Mauna Kea (Hawaii) is in the Pacific Ocean.
Q16. Which plateau is famous for gold and diamond mining?
African plateau is famous for gold and diamond mining.
Q17. Which is the India’s most densely populated plain?
Ans. Indo-Gangetic plains are the most densely
populated plain of the India.
Q18. Less land is available for farming on mountains. Give
slopes are steep on mountains, less land is available for farming.
Q19. Write few examples of young fold mountains.
Examples of young fold mountains: The Himalayan Mountains and The Alps.
Q20. Which is one of the oldest fold mountain systems in the
Aravali range in India is one of the oldest fold mountain systems in the world.
Q21. Write examples of Block Mountains.
The Rhine valley and the Vosges Mountain in Europe are examples of such mountain
Q22. What are glaciers?
some mountains, there are permanently frozen rivers of ice. They are called
Q23. Write examples of volcanic mountains.
Mt.Kilimanjaro in Africa and Mt.Fujiyama in Japan are examples of volcanic