What is Government?
Q25. Which of the statements below is correct? Correct those
sentences that you think need correction.
a. In a monarchy the country's citizens are allowed to elect
whomever they want.
b. In a democracy a king has absolute powers to rule the
c. In a monarchy people can raise questions about the decisions
the monarch takes.
Correct Statement - A monarchy is a kind of
government where a monarch, a kind of hereditary ruler (someone who inherits
their office), is the head of state.
Correct Statement - In a democracy it is
the people who give the government this power. They do this through elections
in which they vote for particular persons and elect them.
Correct Statement - In a monarchy kings and
queens do not have to explain their actions or defend the decisions they take.
Q26. Gandhiji strongly believed that every adult in India should
be given the right to vote. However, a few people don't share his views. They feel
that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to
vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination?
Give five points to support your view and share these with the class.
Denying poor and illiterate people from voting
do not sound good. Yes, this is a form of discrimination.
adult should have right to vote because:
People should not be discriminated on the
basis of illiteracy and poverty.
Illiterate and poor people are also the
citizens of the country and hence should not be debarred from voting.
All citizens are equal in the eyes of
Q27. Differentiate between democracy and monarchy forms of
Ans. Difference between democracy and monarchy forms of
In a democracy it is the people who give the government this power. They do
this through elections in which they vote for particular persons and elect
The monarch (king or queen) has the power to make decisions and run the
government. The monarch may have a small group of people to discuss matters
with, but the final decision-making power remains with the monarch.
In a democracy the government has to explain its actions and defend its
decisions to the people.
In monarchy kings and queens do not have to explain their actions or defend the
decisions they take.
It is elected by the people.
The crown is passed from one generation to another.
People are considered equal.
People are not considered equal.