What is Government?
Q16. Do you think it is important for people to be involved in
decisions that affect them? Give two reasons for your answer.
Yes, it is important for people to be involved in decisions that affect them
because people understand their issues in better way and can suggest better
solutions to solve those issues.
Q17. “There was a time when governments did not allow women and
the poor to participate in elections”. Comment
their earliest forms governments allowed only men who owned property and were
educated, to vote. This meant that women, the poor, the property-less and the uneducated
were not allowed to vote. The country was governed by the rules and regulations
that these few men made.
Q18. Government is responsible for so many different things. How it manages to do all this?
The government works at different levels: at the local level, at the level of
the state and at the national level. The local level means in the village, town
or locality, the state level would cover an entire state like Haryana or Assam
and the national level relates to the entire country.
Q19. Name two essential features of a democratic government.
Two essential features of a democratic government are:
In a democracy, it is the people who give
the government power to make decisions and enforce laws. They do this through
elections in which they vote for particular persons and elect them.
In a democracy the government has to
explain its actions and defend its decisions to the people.
Q20. What is monarchy system of government?
Monarchy is a form of government in which the monarch (king or queen) has the
power to make decisions and run the government.
monarch may have a small group of people to discuss matters with, but the final
decision-making power remains with the monarch. Kings and queens do
not have to explain their actions or defend the decisions they take.
Q21. What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
All over Europe and USA, women and the poor have had to fight for participation
in government. Women's struggle to vote got strengthened during the First World
War. This movement is called the women's suffrage movement as the term suffrage
usually means right to vote.
women got the right to vote in 1920 while women in the UK got to vote on the
same terms as men some years later, in 1928.
Q22. What was the voting system in India before Independence?
What ideas did Gandhiji express in the journal Young India about voting system?
Ans. In India, before Independence, only a
small minority was allowed to vote.
in the journal Young India in 1931, Gandhiji said, "I cannot possibly bear
the idea that a man who has got wealth should get the vote but a man who has
got character but no wealth or literacy should have no vote, or that a man who
honestly works by the sweat of his brow day in and day out should not have the
vote for the crime of being a poor man…".
Q23. What are the functions of government?
Functions of government
It takes decisions about where to build
roads and schools, or how to reduce the price of onions when they get too
expensive or ways to increase the supply of electricity.
It also takes action on many social issues.
It runs postal and railway services.
It protects the boundaries of the country
and maintains peaceful relations with other countries.
It ensures that all its citizens have
enough to eat and have good health facilities.
It provides aid and assistance for the affected
people in case of natural disasters like the tsunami or an earthquake.
Q24. What do you understand by the word 'government'? List five
ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
The word government refers
to a governing body that makes decisions and gets things done for the welfare
of its citizens.
ways in which the government affects our daily life
It takes decisions such as where to build
roads and schools, how to reduce the price of onions when they get too expensive
It takes action on many social issues.
It runs postal and railway services.
It is responsible for ensuring that all its
citizens have enough to eat and have good health facilities.
In case of are natural disasters like the
tsunami or an earthquake, government organises aid and assistance for the