What is Government?
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The government works at different levels: at
the local level, at the level of the state and at the national
American women got the right to vote in 1920.
In India, before Independence, only a small
minority was allowed to vote.
The suffragettes demanded the right to vote
for all women.
In Monarchy, kings and queens do not have
to explain their actions or defend the decisions they take. True
Women in the UK got to vote on the same terms
as men some years later, in 1938. False
Courts are also part of the government. True
In their earliest forms governments allowed
only women who owned property and were educated, to vote. False
Q3. How many level of government are there in our country?
government works at three different levels.
Q4. What was Gandhiji’s demand?
demanded that all adults should have the right to vote.
Q5. What happens if someone commits a crime?
If there is a dispute or if someone has committed a crime we find people in a
Q6. What is universal adult franchise?
Universal adult franchise means that all adults in the country are allowed to
Q7. Write some examples of institutions that are part of the
Some examples of institutions that are part of the government: The Supreme
Court, The Indian Railways and Bharat Petroleum.
Q8. What are the different levels of government?
The government works at different levels: at the local level, at the level of
the state and at the national level.
Q9. What was the unfair practice according to Gandhiji?
India, before Independence, only a small minority was allowed to vote. This was
the unfair practice according to Gandhiji.
Q10. According to Gandhiji’s Young India, who should be given
the right to vote?
According to Gandhiji’s Young India, all adults should be given the right to
Q11. Which type of government would you prefer to have in the
place you live in? Why?
We would prefer to have a democratic government because it is a government by
the people, for the people and of the people.
Q12. Why government needs to control resources and protect the
territory of a country?
Government needs to control resources and protect the territory of a country so
that people can feel secure.
Q13. When a person can approach the court?
If a person feels that a particular law is not being
followed, for example, that they were not hired for a job because of their
religion or caste, he or she may approach the court and claim that the law is
not being followed.
Q14. What do you mean by representative democracy?
representative democracy people do not participate directly but, instead,
choose their representatives through an election process. These representatives
meet and make decisions for the entire population.
Q15. Why do you think the government needs to make rules for
everyone in the form of laws?
The government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws to maintain
peace and order in the society. With help of laws government establishes
equality and justice in the society.