Q19. Write characteristics of business persons?
Most businesspersons manage their own shops or business. They are not employed
by anyone. But, they do employ a number of other workers as supervisors and
Q20. Why did Bachchu Manjhi come to the city?
Bachchu Manjhi worked as a mason in his village. In the village he did not get
masonry work regularly. The income that he earned was not enough for his
family. So, he came to the city in search of work.
Q21. What are the drawbacks of casual jobs?
There is no job security or protection in casual job. If workers complain about
their pay or working conditions they are asked to leave. They are paid less and
expected to work for very long hours.
Q22. What is a call centre?
A Call Centre is a centralised office that deals with problems and questions
that consumers/customers have regarding goods purchased and services like
banking, ticket booking, etc.
Q23. How do people earn their livelihood in the urban areas?
People of urban areas are engaged in different activities. Some are rickshaw
pullers, some are vendors, some are business persons, some are shopkeepers, some
works in call centres, some works in office etc.
Q24. What do street vendors usually sell?
Vendors sell things that are often prepared at home by their families who
purchase, clean, sort and make them ready to sell. For example, those who sell
food or snacks on the street, prepare most of these at home.
Q25. Discuss the problems faced by the vendors.
shops are usually temporary structures. They can be asked to
dismantle their shops at any time by the police. They have no security.
There are certain parts of the city where these hawkers are not allowed to
Q26. Bachchu Manjhi has to think twice before taking a day off
from work. Why?
Bachchu Manjhi is a Cycle-Rickshaw Puller. He earns between Rs. 80-100 every
day, out of which he spend Rs. 50-60 on food and rent. The rest he saves for his
family. If he takes off, he will not able to earn money for himself and his
Q27. What are normal working hours in a garment factory?
Workers have to work for very long hours in the months from December to April.
A normal working day begins at 9 a.m. and finishes only by 10 p.m., sometimes
even later. Workers work for six days a week. At times when the work needs to
be done urgently, they work on Sundays, too.
Q28. Why government is thinking about modifying the law that banned
The government is thinking about modifying the law that banned street vendors,
so that they have a place to work and that there is also a free flow of traffic
and people. Hawking zones have been suggested for towns and cities.
It has also been suggested that mobile vendors should be allowed to move around
Q29. What are the differences between those who sell on the
street and those in the market?
sell on the street
sell in the market
They buy things from local market.
They buy things from the bigger towns or the manufacturing cities.
They don’t need licence to do business.
They need licence to do business.
Shops on the street are temporary.
Shops in the market are permanent.
Q30. How do people working on the street manage their work?
They work on their own. They are not employed by anyone and therefore have to
organise their own work. They have to plan how much to purchase, as well as
where and how to set up their shops. Their shops are usually temporary
structures: sometimes just some boards or papers spread over discarded box or
maybe a canvas sheet hung up on a few poles. They may also use their
own carts or simply a plastic sheet spread on the pavement.