Q33. Write a short note on contract workers who work for
These contract workers get paid less and their jobs are temporary.
garbage is also quite a dangerous job and often these contract workers do not
have any access to safety measures and are not taken care of if they are
injured while working.
Q34. Write a short note on ‘Sub-Contracting’.
In order to save money the Commissioners of several municipalities across the
country had hired private contractors to collect and process garbage. This is called
Sub-Contracting. This means that the work that was earlier being done by
government workers is now being done by a private company.
Q35. Explain who is a ‘Municipal Councillor’?
A Municipal Councillor is directly elected by the people and serves the people of
his ward. He remains in touch with the key issues in his area, understand the
crucial problems and monitor its development. He is the direct link between the
council and the people. People can also bring their problems to him and he deals
with the problem in a suitable way.
Q36. What were the reasons for the spread of plague in Surat?
Houses, hotels and restaurants would dump their garbage into the nearest drain
or street which made it very difficult for sweepers to collect and transfer the
garbage into selected dumps. In addition to this, the Municipal Corporation did
not collect the garbage as often as it should have and this led to the
situation getting worse. This condition caused spread of plague in Surat.
Q37. What types of decisions are taken by Councillor’s
The complicated decisions that affect the entire city are taken by groups of councillors
who form committees to decide and debate issues. For example, if bus stands
need to be improved or a crowded market-place needs to have its garbage cleared
more regularly, or there is a 'nala' or drain that cuts through the city that
needs cleaning etc. It is these committees for water, garbage collection,
street lighting etc. that decide on the work to be done.
Q38. How can we keep our surrounding clean?
We can keep our surrounding clean by doing the following:
Don't Litter, throw waste in dustbin only.
Don't encourage spitting, immediately condemn people if found doing so.
Avoid usage of Plastic covers, plastic disposables.
Teach others about Cleanliness and Sanitation.
Separate Dry waste and wet waste in your house, ease the work of municipality
Q39. How the work of Municipal Corporation affects the life of a
Municipal Corporation affects the life of a city-dweller in the following ways:
It takes care of street lights, garbage
collection, water supply etc.
It keeps the streets and the market clean.
It ensures that diseases do not break out
in the city.
It runs schools, hospitals and
It makes gardens and maintains them.