The Emperor Who Gave Up War
Q20. Make a list of the occupations
of the people who lived within the Mauryan Empire?
officials, farmers, herders and crafts persons probably lived within the
Q21. Who was sent to the court of Chandragupta as an ambassador
by the Greek ruler of West Asia, Seeucus Nicator?
Megasthenes was sent to
the court of Chandragupta as an ambassador by the Greek ruler of West Asia,
Q22. Explain the term tribute.
taxes, which were collected on a regular basis, tribute was collected as and
when it was possible from people who gave a variety of things, more or less
Q23. Explain the term the Brahmi Script.
is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in Ancient
modern Indian scripts have developed from the Brahmi script over hundreds of
Q24. Why did Ashoka decided to
give up wars?
fought a war to conquer Kalinga. However, he was so horrified when he saw the
violence and bloodshed that he decided not to fight any more wars.
Q25. What is Rampurwa bull and where it has been placed now?
The Rampurwa bull is finely polished stone sculpture. This was part of a
pillar found in Rampurwa, Bihar, and has now been placed in Rashtrapati Bhavan.
It is an example of the skill of the sculptors of the time.
Q26. What were the things given as tribute by the people living
in the forested areas?
People living in the forested areas were more or less independent, but may have
been expected to provide elephants, timber, honey and wax to Mauryan officials.
Q27. What was Ashoka’s dhamma?
dhamma did not involve worship of a god, or performance of a sacrifice. He felt
that just as a father tries to teach his children, he had a duty to instruct
his subjects. He was also inspired by the teachings of the Buddha.
Q28 How are empires different from kingdoms?
Empires are different from kingdoms in the following ways:
Emperors need more resources than kings
because empires are larger than kingdoms, and need to be protected by big
So also they need a larger number of
officials who collect taxes.
Q29. What does Dynasty mean?
members of the same family become rulers one after another, the family is often
called a dynasty. The Mauryas were a dynasty with three important rulers —
Chandragupta, his son Bindusara, and Bindusara’s son, Ashoka.
Q30. When did Ashoka's inclination towards Buddhism developed?
the Battle of Kalinga, he was so horrified when he saw the violence and
bloodshed that he decided not to fight any more wars. He
slowly became the follower of the Buddhist religion and adopted the path of
Q31. Why Ashoka known as a unique ruler?
was known as a unique ruler because
The most famous Mauryan ruler was Ashoka.
He was the first ruler who tried to take
his message to the people through inscriptions.
Most of Ashoka’s inscriptions were in
Prakrit and were written in the Brahmi script.