Questions and Ideas
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
near Varanasi, where Buddha taught for the first time.
The Buddha attained enlightenment at Bodh
Upanishadic thinkers believed that the atman
and brahman were ultimately one.
The Vinaya Pitaka is a Buddhist
Vardhamana Mahavira was a kshatriya prince
of the Lichchhavis.
The Buddha belonged to a small gana known as
the Sakya gana.
The Prakrit spoken in Magadha was known as Magadhi.
Gargi was the woman Upanishadic thinker who
was famous for her learning. True
Buddha taught people to be kind, and to respect
the lives of others, including animals. True
Buddha believed that karma do not affect our
The individual soul is referred to as
The Buddha described cravings and desires
as thirst or tanha. True
Satyakama Jabala, who was named after his
mother, the Brahmin woman Jabali. False
Q3. Who was Zoroaster?
was an Iranian prophet.
Q4. What is Avesta?
of Zoroaster are contained in a book called the Avesta.
Q5. What was Lord Buddha’s birth name?
birth name was Siddhartha Gautama.
Q6. Who were Jainas?
of Mahavira were known as Jainas.
Q7. Who prepared grammar for Sanskrit?
prepared grammar for Sanskrit.
Q8. Where is Karle cave?
This is a cave in Karle, present-day Maharashtra.
Q9. Where does the word Jaina
word Jaina comes from the term Jina, Meaning conqueror.
Q10. Who was the founder of Buddhism?
Gautama Buddha was the
founder of Buddhism.
Q11. Why Buddha left the comforts of his home?
left the comforts of his home in search of knowledge.
Q12. Who accepted Satyakama as a student?
was accepted as a student by a brahmin teacher named Gautama.
Q13. Where Buddha died?
Buddha died in the city of Kusinara (present day Kushinagar).
Q14. Where did Siddhartha attain enlightenment?
Siddhartha attained enlightenment under a peepal tree at Bodh Gaya in Bihar.
Q15. How did Mahavira attain enlightenment?
For twelve years Mahavira led a hard and lonely life, at the end of which he
Q16. Name the famous thinker who developed the ideas of the Upanishads.
of the ideas of the Upanishads were later developed by the famous thinker
Q17. Who could join the Sangha?
kshatriyas, merchants, labourers, barbers, courtesans and slaves could join the
Q18. The teaching of Buddhism and Jainism were propagated in
teaching of Buddhism and Jainism were propagated in Prakrit language.
Q19. What are the four ashramas?
ashramas were recognised: brahmacharya, grihastha, vanaprastha and samnyasa.
Q20. Explain ‘Sangha’.
word “Sangha” literally means a community that joins and lives together.