Kings and an Early Republic
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
‘Rajas’ who let the ashvamedha horse
pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice.
Archaeologists have found huts in the settlements
of the janapadas.
Pots to store grain were made out of
Painted Grey Ware.
Herders were also expected to pay taxes in
the form of animals and animal produce.
paid regular salaries and maintained by the king throughout the year.
Both the Buddha and Mahavira belonged to ganas
Ajatasattu wanted to attack the Vajjis.
Priests performed the rituals including the
sprinkling of sacred water. True
Usually, the tax was fixed at 1/6th of what
was produced. This was known as bhaga or a share. True
The word kammakaras used for slave men and
Raja composed later Vedic books. False
Shudras had to serve the other three groups
and could not perform any rituals. True
In Magadha elephants were captured and used
in army. True
Q3. What is ‘Sangha’?
Sangha means organisation or association.
Q4. What was the source of income of Raja
Taxes was the source of income of Raja of Mahajanapadas.
Q5. Name the four groups into which later vedic society was
Ans. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and
Q6. Name some rivers that flowed through
rivers such as the Ganga and Son flowed through Magadha.
Q7. Who conquered the last of the ganas or sanghas?
Gupta rulers conquered the last of the ganas or sanghas.
Q8. What was the most important source of revenue to the state?
Q9. What was the capital of Vajji?
Q10. What does ashvamedha means?
means horse sacrifice.
Q11. Name the animal that played a pivotal role during
Q12. What is the modern name of Rajagriha?
(present-day Rajgir) is in Bihar.
Q13. Name the Later Vedic books.
Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda are the Later Vedic books.
Q14. Who was the minister of Ajatasattu?
the minister of Ajatasattu.
Q15. What does the word ‘Janapada’ mean?
word janapada literally means the land where the jana set its foot, and settled
Q16. What is Digha Nikaya?
Digha Nikaya is a famous Buddhist book, which contains some of the speeches of
the Buddha. These were written down about 2300 years ago.
Q17. Why the rivers that flowed through Magadha were considered
This was important for (a) transport, (b) water supplies (c) making the land
Q18. Who were the groups who could not participate in the assemblies
of the ganas?
dasas and kammakaras could not participate in these assemblies.
Q19. What does Varna mean?
The priests divided people into four groups, called varnas. According to them,
each varna had a different set of functions.