The Little People ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ by Jonathan Swift
About the passage
A. Read to understand
Answer the following questions.
does Gulliver mean when he says ‘our voyage was at first very fine’?
Ans. From this Gulliver meant that when they started their
journey, the sea was calm and they were sailing smoothly. But due to violent
storm their ship got wrecked.
was the rescue arrangement aboard the Antelope
in case of a shipwreck? Did it prove to be useful?
Ans. The rescue arrangement aboard the Antelope in case of a
shipwreck was to use lifeboats. No, it did not prove to be useful because the
winds were so strong that it overturned the lifeboats.
happened to Gulliver after the shipwreck?
Ans. After the shipwreck Gulliver
swam as his fortune directed him and was pushed forward by wind and tide to a
‘The creatures ran off a second time.’
When had the ‘creatures’ run off the first
Ans. The ‘creatures’ run off the first time when Gulliver roared
loudly out of sheer astonishment.
What made them run off the second time?
Ans. After struggling to get loose, Gulliver was able to break
the string and wrench out the pegs that fastened his left arm to the ground.
With a violent pull, he loosened the strings that tied down his hair on the
left side. Now, he was able to turn his head about two inches. This made them
run off the second time.
phonic’ – who said these words? What happened after these words were
Ans. One of the little men cried aloud these words ‘Tolgo
phonic’. After these words spoken, they started showering arrows into the air which
hurt the Gulliver’s left hand. Sooner his left hand was covered with tiny
arrows that pricked him like so many needles.
protected Gulliver from the arrows and spears?
Ans. Gulliver’s leather jacket protected him from the arrows and
B. Read to infer
1. Answer these questions.
Why do you think the creatures on the
island fastened Gulliver to the ground?
Ans. The creatures on the island fastened Gulliver to the
ground because for them Gulliver was a giant and they considered him as
possible threat to their life.
Would you agree with the statement that
Gulliver was the first human to visit the island?
Ans. Yes, I
agree with the statement that Gulliver was the first human to visit the island
because for the first time little men saw such a huge creature who looked quite
similar to them.
Gulliver says, ‘I felt at least fifty more
of the same kind (as I imagined) following the first.’
i. What does ‘the first’ refer to?
Ans. ‘The first’ refer to the
little man who was moving on Gulliver’s left leg.
ii. Where did the ‘fifty more’ follow ‘the
Ans. The fifty more followed
the first onto the body of Gulliver.
iii. In what way were they ‘of the same
Ans. They were of the same
kind as they all looked like human creature but were less than six inches high.
iv. Why does Gulliver say ‘as I imagined’?
Ans. Gulliver said ‘as I
imagined’ because he could not count the exact number as he was tied down by
little men. Moreover, they were in huge numbers so, he assumed they were fifty.
What do you think the phrase ‘Tolgo Phonic’
means? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. I think
the phrase ‘Tolgo Phonic’ means ‘attack’ because after this phrase was spoken
by one of the little men, they all started showering arrows at Gulliver.
2. A cause is followed by its effect.
Complete this table by filling in the effects of these events from the passage.
One has been done for you.
A violent storm came.
The ship was driven off
The gales were strong.
The lifeboats were overturned.
The wind and the tide pushed Gulliver.
Gulliver reached to a desolate island.
Gulliver found himself fastened to the ground.
Gulliver roared out of sheer astonishment.
Gulliver roared very loudly.
They all ran back in a fright.
Someone cried aloud, ‘Tolgo phonic’.
Sooner Gulliver’s left hand was covered with tiny arrows.
The passage ends with this line:’… what was
in store for me next, I never could have imagined!’ Write down three sentences
about what you think might have happened to Gulliver. Share them with the
class. Later, you could read the novel Gulliver’s
Travels and find out what actually happened.
Ans. The following might have
happened with him.
They searched him thoroughly
for any possible weapon he might be carrying.
They might chain him and
allowed him to move about at the end of his chain.
The people brought him food.
On October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus
stepped ashore on an island that has come to be known as the Americas. However,
it was not what he had set out to find. How do you think he would have reacted
to the inhabitants of the island; and how would they have reacted to him?
Ans. Christopher Columbus might have communicated with the
inhabitants of the island using sign language. Inhabitants of the island might
have considered him as one of the people from the mainland who
has come to make them slaves.
Use the Internet to find out more about
this voyage and discovery of Christopher Columbus, and compare notes in the class.
You may refer to the following web pages:
Ans. Answer will vary.