Components of Food
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
and fats mainly provide energy to our body.
A balanced diet can prevent
Too much fat in the diet may lead to obesity.
helps our body to absorb nutrients from food.
gets easily destroyed by heat during cooking.
helps in clotting of blood.
Deficiency of Vitamin D causes rickets.
Deficiency of vitamin-C causes scurvy.
makes up about 70% of our body weight.
Cooking in too much water destroys nutrients
Fibre or roughage
is important for proper functioning of the digestive system.
Spinach is rich in iron.
An oily patch on paper shows that food item
Minerals are needed in our body in small
Dietary fibres are also known as roughage.
True or False
Milk does not provide dietary fibre. True
Fats provide less energy as compared to the
same amount of carbohydrates. False
Lacks of nutrients in our diet over a long
period are called deficiency diseases. True
Rice and potato are rich in protein. False
Egg is rich source of protein, phosphorous
and vitamin D. True
Peas, gram, soya beans and cottage cheese
are good source of proteins. True
A food item may contain more than one
Q3. Match the following:
Q4. Which vitamin is not present in milk?
Ans. Vitamin C
Q5. Write the deficiency disease that causes bleeding gums.
Q6. Write the deficiency disease that is caused by deficiency of
iron in the diet.
Q7. What is the vitamin that represents a group of other
Vitamin B complex
Q8. What is obesity?
Ans. Obesity is the condition of excess body weight due
to accumulation of fat in the body.
Q9. Write two foods rich in
a. Fats – oil and ghee
b. Carbohydrates / starch – bread and potato
c. Proteins – egg and pulses
d. Vitamin A – papaya and carrot
e. Vitamin C – orange and lemon
f. Vitamin B1 – beef and liver
g. Vitamin D – salmon fish and egg yolks
h. Calcium – milk and yogurt
i. Iodine – sea food and iodized salt
Q10. Classify the following food item into carbohydrates, fats
sweet potato, ground nuts, tuar dal, potato, sugarcane, nuts, gram,
milk, moong, butter, ghee, soya bean, cream, wheat, paneer, rice, bajra.