fraction is a number representing part of a whole. The whole may be a single
object or a group of objects.
a fraction. It is read as “five-twelfths”.
“12” stand for the number of equal parts into which the whole has been divided.
It is called the denominator.
“5” stand for the number of equal parts which have been taken out. It is called
fraction is part of a whole. It is less than 1 whole thing, but more than 0.
parts have to be equal.
fraction has two parts: a top number called numerator and a bottom number
Example 1: Write
the fraction representing the shaded portion.
Example 2: Identify
the error, if any.
Is this figure represents ¼?
given figure do not represent fraction ¼ because the shape is not equally
Example 3: What
fraction of a day is 5 hours?
are 24 hours in a day.
Therefore, 5 hours of a day represent
Example 4: Thomas
has brought two types of chocolate. He shared his chocolates with his two
friends, in such a way that each of them will have an equal share.
How can Thomas divide his chocolates so
that each one has an equal share?
What part of a chocolate will each boy
Thomas will divide each type of chocolates
in three equal parts. So, that each will get one part of both chocolates.
ii. Each will receive 1/3 part of each
Example 5: Write
the natural numbers from 40 to 50. What fraction of them are prime numbers?
numbers from 40 to 50 = 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50.
Prime numbers among these numbers are = 41,
Therefore, out of 11 numbers, 3 are prime
So, Fraction 3/11 represents prime numbers.
Example 6: Diva
bought 3 gel pens and received 5 others as gifts on her birthday. What fraction
of her total gel pens did she buy and what fraction did she receive as gifts?
number of gel pens she had = 3 + 5 = 8
Fraction of her total gel pens that she
bought = 3/8
Fraction of her total gel pens that she received
as gifts = 5/8
Example 7: A
bag contains 60 marbles. Out of which 20 are red in color and 40 are blue in
What fraction of marbles is red in colors?
What fraction of marbles is blue in colors?
marbles = 60
Red marbles = 20
Blue marbles = 30
i. Fraction of red marbles = 20/60
Fraction of blue marbles = 30/60