### Metric Measure of Capacity

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The maximum amount that something can hold is called capacity. The standard unit of capacity is liter. We use different units to measure different capacity. Milliliter, centiliter , deciliter are smaller unit used to measure smaller capacity, liter is commonly used to measure capacity, whereas units like decaliter, hectoliter and kiloliter are used to measure larger capacity. All these units are related to each other.

**Metric Chart**When we move from one metric unit to another to the right in the above metric chart, the value of metric unit becomes ten times smaller i.e. one tenth and when we move from one metric unit to another to the left in the metric chart, the value of metric unit becomes ten times bigger.

__We consider liter as the basic unit of capacity.__1 Decaliter (dal) = 10 times liter

1 Hectoliter (hl) = 100 times liter

1 Kiloliter (kl) = 1000 times liter

1 Deciliter (dl) = 1/10 of liter

1 centiliter (cl) = 1/100 of liter

1 milliliter (ml) = 1/1000 of liter

**Conversion of measures from higher to lower units**We always

__multiply__when we change higher unit to lower unit.__Example 1:__Change 6kl into liters1kl =1000l

Therefore, 6 x 1000l = 6000l

__Example 2:__Change 45l into centiliters1l = 100cl

Therefore, 45 x 100cl = 4500cl

**Conversion of measures from lower to higher units**We always

__divide__when we change lower unit to higher unit.__Example 1:__Change 8000l to kilo liter1000l = 1kl

Therefore, 8000 ÷ 1000 = 8l

**Addition and Subtraction**__Step1:__Write the units on the top.__Step2:__Write the numbers in proper place below the units. Write zero in empty place.__Example 1:__Add 40kl 34l and 23kl 3l__Example 2:__Subtract 40kl 34l from 70kl 64l**Multiplication involving units of measurement**Example 1: Multiply 33 l 30ml by 2

**Division involving units of measurement**Example 1: Divide 484l by 4

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