Read the following sentences.
is going to the office.
is kept on the table.
will reach in 2 hours.
All underlined word in the
sentences given above show the position (place or time) or how things are
related to one another. These words (to, on, in etc.) are termed as
preposition is a word, which is used to show direction, location, time or to
introduce an object and relates a noun, pronoun or noun phrase to other part of
preposition is followed by usually noun or noun phrase but sometime pronoun or
gerund (ing form of verb) also.
a sentence begins or ends with a preposition, it should be closely linked to another
did you speak to?
To whom did you speak?
to designate days of the week and dates.
birthday is on 8th January.
My grandparents are coming on Thursday evening.
to name streets, road, avenues etc.
Example: My house is on expressway.
to state surface of something.
Example: The red pen is on the desk.
to specify a device or a machine.
Example: Anu is working on the computer since morning.
to specify the part of the body.
Example: He hit me on my head.
to talk about state of something.
Example: This bike is on sale.
to specify definite time.
Example: The train will reach station at 2:00 p.m.
with particular place.
Example: People gathered at the park.
to point out any activity.
Example: I am good at dance.
for undefined times during a day, a month, a season or a year.
Example: Ravi started his business in 2015.
to specify name of the location or place such as cities, towns, states,
countries, continents etc.
Example: Ria lives in Delhi.
to specify a shape, color or size.
Example: I bought ribbons in different color.
to specify a faith, views, interest or feeling.
Example: I believe in life after death.
- Used to express movement toward a place.
Example: My mom is driving to the bank this morning.
to specify how long anything continues i.e. duration of time in seconds,
minutes, hours, days, months, years).
Example: Tia can hold her breath for 5 minutes.
- Use to specify time from a specific point
in the past till now.
Example: He has been waiting here since 9:00 am.
to specify an amount or a number.
Example: I drank 3 cup of coffee yesterday.
to show belonging to or connected with.
Example: That bag is of my little sister.
to show feeling or emotion.
Example: Ria acted with confidence.
to indicate usage of something.
Example: Cook is cutting vegetable with knife.
to indicate possession.
Example: People with less money are not always unhappy.
to indicate togetherness.
Example: Attendant will be with you shortly.
to show understanding.
Example: Do you agree with me?
to indicate something extending directly upwards from something.
Example: Kite is flying over the tree.
to express more than estimated amount.
Example: Ravi’s result is over my expectation.
to indicate period of time.
Example: I worked in this school over a year.
to show some movement.
Example: His father sent over a packet of books on his
to talk about means or method.
Example: We are going Delhi by airplane.
to indicate closeness.
Example: ATM is by the mall.
to who does something.
Example: The letter was delivered by postman.
to indicate certain action for particular reason.
Example: You clear this exam by preparing hard for
to indicate inside something.
Example: He dived into the sea to save the drowning
to show change in the state.
Example: Water changed into ice on freezing.
to indicate gap or space that separates two things.
Example: Dia is sitting between Jia and Ria.
to indicate group or mass or collection or in middle of something.
Example: The sweets are distributed among five of us.
to express “close to” or “next to”.
Example: Dia is sitting beside me.
to express “in addition to something” or “apart from something”.
Example: Three girls besides Dia were playing with sand
to show some kind of measurement on a scale or to show something that is not
below each other.
Example: Tinku is performing below average.
to indicate something exactly below it or less than something.
Example: Pen is lying under the bed.
to show disagreement.
Example: We should not do anything against the law.
to indicate something is touching something.
Example: Rohan is standing against the wall.
to show prevention of something.
Example: He is vaccinated against polio.
Example: We must see the benefit of this machine
against its cost.
to show movement from one side to another or from one place to another.
Example: The sailors sailed across the sea.
to indicate opposite side of a road, river, line etc.
Example: There is a big orchard across the river.
to point out several parts of an area.
Example: School has several branches across the country.
to point out higher place or position than something.
Example: The water in the dam rising above the marked
to indicate something is greater than something in number or level or age.
Example: This month inflation is above average.
to show higher quality compared to something.
Example: I like this above all other things.
to point something at or toward the back of something.
Example: Who is standing behind Ria?
to show less progress or improvement compared to something or somebody.
Example: This train is running behind schedule.
to indicate support of somebody.
Example: Her parents are behind her decision.
to point out position right beside somebody or something.
Example: Dia is sitting next to Ria.
to show order of somebody or something.
Example: Next to Math my favorite subject is Science.
to indicate one end or side of something or somebody to other.
Example: The thief got in through the back door.
to point out something from the other side of the objector substance.
Example: I could not see the road clearly through the
to indicate any activity or situation from beginning to the end.
Example: Small children cannot sit through a concert.
to show passing of any kind of barrier.
Example: I have got through the NET exam.
to show means or reason of something.
Example: You can clear this exam only through hard
to indicate the place where something or somebody starts or begins.
Example: Ayush took out a big chocolate from his
to show the starting or beginning time when something was first made or
Example: We will go to school by bus from tomorrow.
to tell source of something.
Example: This boy is from primary wing.
to show ingredient or material of which anything is made.
Example: This cloth is made from bamboo silk.
to indicate cause of something.
Example: The old man died from heart attack.
to indicate position just ahead of something or somebody.
Example: Dia is sitting in front of
term of “on” is upon.
Example: She is wearing a red hat upon