We communicate with number of people daily.
Think, what would happen if nobody communicates? We will not able to exchange
our thoughts, ideas and feelings. Thus communication is a part of our life.
involves exchange of thoughts, opinions, or information among people.
There are many ways/means of communication.
We can communicate by writing, orally or by gestures.
In verbal communication we use words to
express our thoughts. Two main form of verbal communication are written and
Written communication means communicating
by writing and includes hand written letters, documents, typed documents,
email, text chats, books etc.
In oral communication we speak words either
face to face or over phone. This includes speech, lecture, voice chat etc.
Non Verbal Communication
It does not involve use of words. It is
done through facial expressions, body gestures, signs, drawing, graphic design,
color, pictures, paintings etc. For example waving hand, pointing finger,
smiling, making faces expresses our feeling and emotions.
Three main means of communication are
postal communication, telecommunication and mass communication.
Though letter writing is not very popular
these days but it been very popular means of communication in earlier days.
system delivers postcards, letters, and parcels physically. Let’s see how our
letter reaches its destination. We write letter and mention the address with
PIN code (Postal Index Number), then we drop it into nearby letter box. Later
on person from postal department clear the mail box and sort all the letter
destination wise and marks its seal. After this, these letters are sent to
their respective places by road, rail, air or water transport. These letters
are further sorted out and sealed again at the delivery offices. Postman
deputed in each area receives the letters and delivers them to addressee.
Examples of postal communication are
letter, inland letter, post card, printed post card.
Telecommunication means communicating over
a distance. Examples of telecommunications are telegram, mobile phones, land
lines, satellite phones, radio, television etc.
Telegram – A brief message
sent over telegraph and then delivered in written or printed form to the
recipient. Telegrams can also be transmitted over the phone. This service
developed for urgent letters. Telegram service had been withdrawn in year 2013
Telephone- Telephone was
invented by Alexander Graham Bell. It is the fastest means of communication. We
can make STD (Subscriber Trunk Dialing) call to talk to our family and
relatives in far off cities and make ISD (International Subscriber Dialing)
call in different countries.
With mobile phone we can make call anytime. It can be used to text messages,
reading emails, browsing the internet and many other things. These phones are
small in size and can be carried conveniently wherever we go.
– Today most of us use internet to send e-mail (electronic mail) to our family
and friends and to chat with our dear one who are living very far in different
Mass communication means the imparting or exchanging
of information to large number of people at the same time. Various means of
mass communication are newspaper, magazines, radio, television and films.
Newspaper- Newspaper informs
us about recent happenings around the world.
– They educate, inform and entertain us. It attracts large number of viewers of
all age groups, literate or illiterate.
Internet- Through internet via email,
websites and blogs, large amount of information can be circulated.