We see different kinds of plants around us. Each plant
differ from other plant in size, shape, colour, smell, place of growth etc. Plants
grow on land as well as in water. They grow in cold places and hot places too.
Plants can be classified into these following
Trees are big, tall and strong plants. They have a
thick, brown and woody stem called trunk. They have many branches that bear leaves,
flowers and fruits. Their roots are thick and strong roots. Trees usually live
for many years.
Pine, Mango, Peepal, Banyan, Coconut etc.
Shrubs are small to medium-sized woody plants and may
grow up to height of five to six metres. They are smaller than Trees. They are
highly branched from the base of the stem. They have many thin, brown and woody
stems. They are also called bushes .Shrubs usually live for a few years.
Examples: - Rose, Hibiscus, Jasmine, Tulsi, Cotton etc.
Herbs are very small and weak plants. They have thin,
green and soft stems. They usually live for three to four months. It can be
used as medicines or to add flavor to food. They are mostly known for their
smell, which is pleasant and amazing. Banana plant is the world's largest herb.
Examples: - Mint, Coriander, Spinach, Rosemary etc.
Climbers are plants with weak stems. They cannot stand
straight and need support to grow. They must climb on other plants, sticks or
walls to grow.
Example:-Pea, Grapevine, Money Plant, Bean etc.
Creepers are weak plants that mostly grow along the
ground. They have weak stems and thin branches. They usually bear big fruits.
Example: - Pumpkin, Gourd, Watermelon, Muskmelon etc.
Plant or Aquatic plant
Water plants are also called
Aquatic Plants. Water plants grow in water. Water plants are found along edges,
on the surface, or at the bottom of shallow lakes and ponds. Some of the water
plant has floating leaves like Lotus and some are completely submerged under
water like Hydrilla.
Examples: - Water lily,
Water-chestnut, Lotus, Duckweed, Water Hyacinth etc.
Wild plants grow naturally.
They are not intentionally planted by human. They can be found anywhere .They
do not need human care. Wild plants can be flowers, grasses, shrubs and trees.
Example: - Banyan Tree,
Grass, Periwinkle Plant etc.
Weeds are the plants that
grow in place where it is not needed. They are considered unwanted plants. They
can grow anywhere and can be easily seen in pots, garden, lawns and farms. They
grow very vast and compete for water, light, nutrients and space with main
Example: - Dandelion,
Poison Ivy, Milk Thistle etc.
Grass is a type of plant which is used to cover the
ground, in a lawn. Grass can grow very tall and can reach height up to 100
metres .Bamboo is the tallest grass. Grasses usually have long, narrow leaves
and grow along the ground.
- We get food from different
part of plants.
Stem – Potato, Sugarcane
Roots- Radish, Onion
Fruits- Apple, Mango
- Flower of few plants are
used to prepare perfumes. Example: - Rose, Jasmine etc.
- Plants help to keep air
clean and fresh.
- Some plants are used for
medicinal purpose. Example:- Tulsi leaves are used for cough and Cold, Turmeric
are considered anti-inflammatory, Aloe Vera are good for skin, Amla are good
- It is used to make paper,
furniture, houses etc.
- Fibres such as cotton are
used to make clothes, jute are used to make mats and bags, coconut fibre are
used to make rope.
need water to grow. So water the plant regularly otherwise it will die.
should be placed in such a way that it receives enough sunlight.
leaves should be cleaned regularly so that plant breathes easily.
Parts of Plant